Vocabulary Homework
Week 1 Vocabulary Words  
Week of February 5


THEME:  author's message or the lesson learned (usually hidden)

CHARACTER TRAIT:  a word or words used to describe a character based on their actions,                                      thoughts, or words.

SUMMARIZE:  Fiction: retelling of a story BME (beginning, middle, and end)
     Nonfiction:  state the main idea and supporting details

PLOT:  sequence of a story, includes characters, setting, problem, and solution.

ROOT WORD:  part of a word that carries meaning  ex:  dishonest

AFFIX:  letters added to the beginning or end of a word to change the meaning
Prefix:  letters added to the beginning     ex: un- , dis-, re-, mis-, 
Suffix:  letters added to the end     ex:  -ful, -ness, -ly, -tion, -able

EVALUATE:  to judge or determine the value

POINT OF VIEW:  who is telling the story
1st person:  Narrator is telling the story; look for words I, me, my, we
3rd person:  Someone outside the story is telling it
Omniscient:  knows thoughts and feelings of ALL characters
Limited:  knows thoughts and feelings of ONE character

Quizlet Week One

Week 2 Vocabulary Words  
Week of February 12

STAGE DIRECTIONS: instruction in the text of a play, describing how the actor moves, talks, or acts.

DIALOGUE:  conversation between characters in a literary text (fiction)

PERSONIFICATION:  a figure of speech which gives an object or idea human qualities
Example:  The flower danced in the wind.

ALLITERATION:  The repetition of initial (beginning) sounds in a phrase
Example:  Peter Piper picked a pack of pickled peppers.

SIMILE:  A comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
Example:  She is fast like lightening.
He is as quiet as a mouse.

METAPHOR:  The comparison of two unlike things using no clue word.
Example:  Life is a dance.  


RHYME:  The repetition of identical or similar sounds at the end of words
Example:  plain, stain
boy, toy

STANZA:  An arrangement of lines in a poem; similar to a paragraph in a text

Quizlet Week 2

Week 3 Vocabulary Words  
Week of February 19

Main Idea:  what a NONFICTION passage is MOSTLY about or the topic

Supporting Ideas:  facts or information which support the main idea

Firsthand Account:  account/perspective from a person who WITNESSED the event

Secondhand Account:  account/perspective written by a person who DID NOT witness the it

Analyze:  examine or look at closely/  pull apart all pieces 

Preposition:  word to describe position or time in a sentence
Example:  The dog ran around the tree.
While she ate her breakfast, the girl pet her cat on her lap.

Inference:  text information plus  your prior knowledge or a guess based on information read

Heading:  title at the beginning of a section of text; gives a hint as to what the section will be about.

Quizlet Week 3

Week 4 Vocabulary Words  
Week of February 26

SYNONYM:  words that have similar meanings

ANTONYM:  words that have opposite meanings

HOMOPHONE:  words that SOUND the same BUT have different meanings

PRONOUN:  words that replace a noun in a sentence (ex:  he, she, it, I)

SEQUENCE:  order in which events in a story have happend
                   organized beginning, middle, and end
                   also called chronological order (time order)

CAUSE/EFFECT:  relationship between WHAT HAPPENS (effect) and WHY IT HAPPENS (cause)

AUTHOR'S PURPOSE:  reason to write:  persuade, inform, or entertain (PIE)

CONJUNCTION:  word used to connect other words in a sentence (ex:  and, but, or, for, nor, yet, so)

Quizlet Week 4

Week 5 Vocabulary Words  
Week of March 5

relative pronoun:  word at the beginning of a clause which tells more about the noun
(ex:  that, which, whose, who, whom)

relative adverb:   word at the beginning of clause which tells more about the predicate
                             (ex:  where, when, why)

modal auxiliary:  helping verb that shows how certain an event is or the writer's attitude
                         (ex:  may, might, should, shall, can, could, must, will, would)

subject:  who or what a sentence is about

predicate:  what the subject of the sentence does

prepositional phrase:  tells the location or time in which something took place in a sentence

comma:  punctuation used to signal a pause or separate items in a list

apostrophe:  punctuation used to show possession or separate a contraction
                     (ex:  the dog's bone     or   have not becomes haven't)

Week 5 Quizlet